GLASGOW — “We’re all artists actuality at Alchemilla,” explained the day chef at the hipster y aback we chock-full in for a arrangement weekday lunch. “It’s a big affair in Glasgow to go to art school,” she said, as she dusted dukkah spices over a bowl of buzz squash. “And again you get a absolute job — abnormally in the restaurant business.”
That aisle is annihilation new. Charles Rennie Mackintosh, a banal lad, advised allotment time at the Glasgow Academy of Art for 11 years to become an accomplished artist and able watercolorist. But Mackintosh’s “real” job angry out to be architecture. Instead of reinventing the city’s dining scene, he gave Glasgow its signature Art Nouveau style.
This was declared to be Mackintosh’s big year, as Glaswegians acclaimed the 150th ceremony of his birth. Again a few canicule afterwards the architect’s altogether in June, his best acclaimed architectonics — and the stylistic attribute of Glasgow — bent bonfire for the additional time. A 2014 bonfire had damaged the 1909 Glasgow Academy of Art building, a clear-sighted advertiser of beat architecture. Repairs were advancing final stages aback the new, and added all-consuming bonfire struck. From the abyss of the city’s accompaniment of aching came a new resolve: The Glasgow Academy of Art will be rebuilt.
But Mackintosh’s brand on the burghal extends far aloft the academy and it’s still account a appointment in this ceremony year. Mackintosh, his wife, Margaret Macdonald, and their bohemian amphitheater formed at a decidedly activating time in Glasgow’s acclaimed history. At the aurora of the 20th century, it was an automated assertive fabricated affluent by architectonics ships and locomotives. The burghal had already accepted the Arts & Crafts movement, abnormally ability in decrepit glass. With a assemblage of abundance and taste, Glasgow was assertive for a architecture revolution.
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In 1895, Mackintosh was still a artist aback he got the brawl rolling with his aboriginal accessible commission. The barn at the aback of the press appointment of the Glasgow Herald was nicknamed “The Lighthouse” because it appearance a aerial belfry that already captivated a fire-prevention reservoir. Now home to Scotland’s Centre for Architecture and Architecture, the capital galleries abode Mackintosh and Art Nouveau into the ambience of automated Glasgow.
The lives and careers of Mackintosh and Macdonald are absolute in a abundant timeline with photos and abrupt but cogent text. Recent scholarship has apparent that the brace collaborated extensively. Exhibits accommodate several replicas of Mackintosh chairs as able-bodied as a ample maquette of the now-burned Glasgow Academy of Art.
The Kelvingrove Art Arcade and Museum.
The Kelvingrove Art Arcade and Museum, the city’s arch art museum, devotes an absolute arcade to Mackintosh and the Glasgow Style. Aboriginal furniture, adorning panels, and ablaze accessories anatomize the change of the city’s acquaintance Art Nouveau. Several adorning motifs appropriate of the Glasgow Appearance emerged in the 1890-1920 period. They included women in medieval-style dress, erflies, peacocks, and heart-shaped leaves and garlands. The best enduring, the Glasgow Rose, was a collaborative conception of Mackintosh and Macdonald. Over the decades, it has persisted as the signature angel of Glasgow Art Nouveau.
Descriptive architecture exhibits are able-bodied and good, but Glasgow additionally offers the attenuate adventitious to see how the artists themselves inhabited their beat designs. From 1906 to 1914, Mackintosh and Macdonald lived in a row abode that they adapted from applique Victorian into beat minimalism. Aback the architectonics was burst in 1963, the University of Glasgow salvaged the autogenous accessories — including windows, doors, fireplaces, and access — and reassembled the arch apartment central the Hunterian Art Gallery.
It’s a applicable location. Mackintosh and Macdonald believed that a allowance is a assignment of art — and they set out to prove it. A simple oak table amidst by high-backed chairs anchors the dining room, but the walls are the knock-out feature. A stenciled burden of atramentous filigree and august roses interplays with argent dewdrops that reflect ablaze from the chandelier. By contrast, the fair walls, ceiling, furniture, and rug of the bedchamber actualize a accord disconnected alone by stencils of the Glasgow Rose on some furniture. Mackintosh abhorred clutter; visiting homeowners still animalism afterwards his about airy congenital accumulator units.
The alone bout for the home Mackintosh and Macdonald fabricated was the one they alone dreamed of. Under his name, they entered a 1901 German architecture antagonism to actualize a home in a thoroughly beat appearance — a “House for an Art Lover.” They didn’t win, but advertisement of the affairs fabricated Mackintosh’s acceptability in continental Europe.
In 1989, a aggregation of architects and builders interpreted the designs and began architecture of “House for an Art Lover” in the rolling landscapes of Bellahouston Park west of the burghal center. It opened as a company allure in 1996. The bygone country retreat is a alluring blink into the minds of two ace designers able by the opinions or pocketbook of an absolute client.
An busy asylum for the piano in the music allowance of Abode for an Art Lover concentrates best of the room’s accessory at one end.
We could calmly brainstorm ourselves in the bashful abode area Mackintosh and Macdonald lived, but “House for an Art Lover” has a amplitude and beheld balladry aloft our pay grade. The music room, which extends beyond the advanced of the house, was advised as a allegorical allowance in the forest. The allowance is mostly white, with rose motifs stenciled on the walls. Six sets of arced doors with bottle panels accessible assimilate the gardens, authoritative the allowance a symphony of light. The aphotic copse walls of the dining allowance are a arresting contrast. The broiler bank is stenciled with the rose motif, while gesso panels depicting the activity aeon of the rose ascertain the autogenous wall. The aerial arced beam creates the apparition of actuality outdoors.
The appliance pieces in Abode for an Art Lover are all reproductions, so we were assuredly able to sit in some of Mackintosh’s acclaimed chairs with aerial backs and cruel beeline lines. But we begin the chairs’ accustomed ambiance in a burghal centermost tea room. Mackintosh alien the architecture in 1899 in the Argyle Street tea allowance of temperance-minded administrator Catherine “Kate” Cranston. Tea apartment may assume affably bizarre now, but they were a amusing anarchy in their day because they provided accessible spaces area women could gather. In Glasgow, at least, they were additionally a abode area beat architecture entered the mainstream.
Cranston affianced advancing designers to actualize the interiors of the four tea apartment she operated until her 1917 retirement. She fabricated her abiding mark with Mackintosh and Macdonald. For her tea apartment at 217 Sauchiehall Street, she gave them chargeless rein with decor, artwork, furniture, plates and silverware, and alike the agents uniforms. A architecture adaptation of the original, alleged Mackintosh at the Willow, opened partially in June.
But Anne Mulhern has agitated on Cranston’s attitude of accommodation and architecture back she opened her aboriginal Willow Tea Apartment in 1983. Mulhern’s additional area amidst the Buchanan Street boutiques is a showpiece of Mackintosh and Macdonald design. The Argyle chairs accomplish their amusing action by authoritative anniversary table its own little independent pod.
Even the plates were composed like still activity paintings. How abounding bodies in the kitchen, we wondered, had advised at the Glasgow Academy of Art?
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